1. Nightmare disorder: When the occasional nightmare becomes a common problem, so you wake up in a sweat or you’re afraid to go to sleep, then you could be suffering from nightmare disorder. According to the American Sleep Association, stress and sleep deprivation are the main triggers for this disorder.
2. Sleep walking: The causes of sleep walking are not fully known – although genetics, broken sleep and stress are thought to play a role. Sleepwalkers open doors, move their furniture around, and move from room to room with no trouble at all. According to the Journal of Molecular Psychiatry, 19 percent of adult sleepwalkers have been injured while sleep walking. The main risks are tripping and falling.
3. Exploding head syndrome: This disorder occurs at the onset of deep sleep, when a loud noise awakens up someone who’s just fallen asleep. These sounds range from explosives going off inside their head, to cymbals crashing loudly, right next to their bed. Of course, there’s no actual sound – so it’s all a mystery. The person’s not at risk - and there’s no obvious cause.
4. Hypnagogic hallucinations: These occur as the person is falling sleep or at the end of the night as they start to waken up. The person’s sure they can hear voices, or they experience strange sensations, or they report seeing people or weird objects in the room. A common vision sufferers have is seeing small animals or thinking they see bugs crawling over the walls. According to the American Sleep Association, these kinds of sleep-related hallucinations are most frequently reported in people with narcolepsy.
5. Night terrors: This is where the person (and most commonly a child) starts to scream, thrash around, or to pace about the room. However, they can’t be wakened up or be comforted. They are trapped in this world that is threatening to them. Night terrors are different from nightmares as they occur in non-REM sleep (the deepest type of sleep that occurs early at night). Although the cause is still unknown, fever and stress may play a role.
6. Sleep paralysis: This occurs in REM sleep, later on in the night, when the person is having a very vivid dream - but is also temporarily immobilised. Thus, although they want to move or to quickly run away they find they’re paralysed, and are rooted to the spot. Often sleep paralysis and sleep hallucinations occur simultaneously. Common images and sensations include sensing an evil presence in the room, or feeling they’re being crushed or choked. In Newfoundland, Canada, this is known as the “Old Hag”; in China, it’s called “the ghost pressing down on you”; and in Mexico, it is described as being “the dead climbing on top of you.”
7. REM behaviour disorder: This occurs during REM sleep, where the sleeper starts to act out the content of their dreams. Thus, they may get out of bed and then start to run around; or they may scream and yell, or they may start to get dressed. It is seen most in older adults, and especially in those who’ve been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.
8. Nocturnal eating disorder: People diagnosed with this sleep disorder go on eating binges when they’re fast asleep. Some chop up meat and vegetables, or turn on the stove, and then go back to bed without tidying up the mess. Others eat raw foods like onions or fresh meat, or they eat frozen food or unusual types of food (like margarine straight from the margarine tub). Like sleepwalking, it occurs during non-REM sleep. There is no known cause.
I’ve had the paralysis once before. Scared the evaliving hell out of me.
I decided someone needed to make a little primer about how to, and how not to, kill your characters. This is an incredibly tricky thing to do as an author, because you will almost certainly upset part of your audience if you do it right, and all of your audience if you do it wrong. So, I am writing a handy little guide to that potentially sticky situation—and once you pull it off correctly, there’s very little that’s more affecting to the readers!
(Also, I’m sorry if this is annoying to anyone, but I will be using gender-neutral pronouns because saying him/her and he/she and him or her and he or she and them or just one of those is obnoxious and/or incorrect to me.)
First things first: ask yourself, does this character need to die?
Reasons for saying yes:
This character’s death moves the overarching plot forward (inspires a main character to do something ze normally would not do, makes an important sacrifice, aggravates tensions between two parties, etc.).
This character’s death is the conclusion of hir character arc.
This character’s death achieves something that is not possible in life. This includes finding peace, reuniting with a loved one, preventing hirself from being used against said loved ones, ascending to a higher plane of existence (mainly in supernatural fiction), etcetera.
This character’s death illustrates something about the theme of the work. In a work about the senselessness of war and violence, senseless killing is not only permissible, but necessary—the audience should feel the same pain as the characters, at having someone they care about ripped away for no good reason.
Reasons for saying no:
This character’s death serves no purpose.
You want to kill this character to make the audience sad. Good emotional manipulation comes from good storytelling. If you can’t hurt people’s feelings with genuine sincere emotions, this is an extremely cheap way to be “edgy.” What’s more, people can spot this, and it isn’t usually as affecting as the author wants it to be.
You don’t know what to do with this character, so you kill them off. That’s lazy.
Ways to fuck up a character’s death:
Bring them back immediately for no good reason. Yes, it’s sad that Little Billy had to die—so surely, people will be thrilled he’s back! No. No, they won’t. If you’ve pulled off a death correctly, your audience is literally grieving. You know this—we’ve all been affected by the deaths of fictional characters, sometimes more profoundly than we are by the deaths of people we know. In good fiction, the characters are real to us. Having that emotional process derailed for the sake of “making everything better” is dishonest and feels very emotionally unsatisfying.
Misuse your genre. “But the character’s death moves the plot forward!” Yes, but you’re writing a zany comedy—and trying to make this death moving. Alternatively, trying to make a death amusing in a serious work—death is the ultimate pinnacle of human experience, and it resonates very, very strongly with people. Don’t cheapen the experience. It makes the audience uncomfortable with their own emotions.
Kill an underdeveloped character—and expect the audience to respond strongly to it. Killing a character is not a way to make an audience love hir. It’s a way to make the audience realize how much they already did love hir.
My actual pet peeve, which I personally believe is the worst one of all: Bring hir back—and have hir contribute nothing new to the plot.
When to (and when not to) bring a character back from the dead (clarification: this includes characters who never actually died, but were only suspected dead):
Bringing a character back is a very controversial decision. However, it’s done all the time, and done well. The response you want from your readers upon the reveal is:
“Oh my god, I am so happy ze is back, now ze can do all these amazing things I always wanted hir to and—OH MY GOD THAT IS EVEN BETTER THAN I WAS EXPECTING!” You want people to have been wondering—how would X Dead Character react to the new situations in the overarching plot? How would ze have gotten along with the new characters you introduced? What would ze think about the way the characters ze knew have changed and developed?
Answer these questions! More importantly, continue the character’s story arc from before ze died. I cannot stress this enough. If the character stagnates or does nothing new, LEAVE THIS CHARACTER DEAD. If you are going to send your audience through the emotional upheaval of a death, respect their journey. Don’t make them feel like they wasted their feelings.
Rule of thumb: Unless you are doing it for comedy, absolutely limit yourself to two deaths absolute maximum per character. I don’t care if it’s a cop thriller, a fantasy novel, a science-fiction screenplay, or yes, EVEN A COMIC BOOK, you cannot continue to fake out your audience. The first one is free. After that, the audience stops trusting you. So if you’re going to kill a character twice, make sure the second time ze stays dead. And be obvious about it, showing the body or making it absolutely clear that ze could NOT have survived whatever ze went through. Preferably, show the body (or part of it ala you-know-who from Game of Thrones).
I think that’s pretty much it! Have fun, and sharpen those scythes!
Go To http://us.akinator.com/ ... Say "yes" to all the questions that apply to you... Say "no" to "does your character really exist" and "yes" to "is your character from a video game?" ... See which video character you are.
greatopensea has deleted the original post but I’ll sum it up as “I didn’t get any reviews so I deleted all of my Tales fanfiction.” Below is my response. Now that her post is gone, I’m un-cutting mine, because I’ve already gotten two PMs saying that it’s helped other people.
this is my response:
No. Stop it. Stop what you are doing and sit down and read this right now.
I don’t know you very well if at all. I’ve been a part of the Tales fandom for a very short while. And I am the last person who should be lecturing anyone about things like confidence. But I read this and my blood boils a bit. Not because I’m angry at the same things you are. But I am angry at you.
Being a writer is like this. It is ALWAYS going to be like this. You are going to be baring your heart and soul for the world to see, slaving night and day over your words and your dreams, and then you are going to be putting it out there on a golden platter holding your breath, and a very large majority of the time no one is going to say anything.
I don’t know if you noticed this, but my job involves being a corporate copywriter. I write paragraphs and pages of text on a daily basis. No one, and I mean no one, ever sits me down and says “holy shit, Nicole, that product description you wrote was perfect.” No one ever stops what they are doing and compliments the FAQ page I spent literally hours writing. It doesn’t happen. Period. But do you know what? Lack of response to my work is not apathy, it isn’t hatred, it isn’t anything. IT DOESN’T MEAN ANYTHING AT ALL. It means I did my job. I get paid to write, I do it, everybody is happy.
You’re talking about fanfiction here. I know it’s different. I write fanfiction (you know this). I’ve been writing fanfiction for ten years if not more. And believe it or not, I had to sit there and bare my heart and soul for the world for something like five or six solid years before anyone noticed me. I worked hard, and for a LONG TIME, a VERY LONG TIME, to get the favorites, the reviews, the PMs, the merry little crowd of dedicated followers I have now. And I still sit here and call myself names and say I’m not good enough. Why? Because I’m not. I still make mistakes and I’m still getting better.
Six years ago, I did the exact same thing you just did. I quit. I said I wasn’t good enough, would never be good enough, and I quit. I went to work for casinos for a while. I deleted everything I had online. I was just as tired as you were as the lack of feedback. But in my heart, I still wanted to be a writer. I still had those thoughts, those ideas, and dreams. And a very wise person told me something that still, on a daily basis, echos in my head. About life, about writing, about everything, he told me that I needed to grow a thicker skin. To think of my body as a turtle shell. And that things can only get past that shell if I let them.
I’m going to say a couple things that are probably going to hurt you, but I’ve been there, and they are the truth. Think of these next few thoughts what they will, but you need to hear them.
If you truly want to be a writer, whether your passion is fanfiction or original series or copywriting, you need to toughen the fuck up. Grow a turtle shell. Get thicker skin. Lack of feedback is ALWAYS going to be a problem. It is never going to go away. Guess what? Some people just don’t respond. Maybe they don’t care. Or maybe they’re too stunned to know what to say. Or maybe they are too afraid you won’t like their feedback. Or maybe they’re nervous. Or maybe they got called out to water their fucking plants. Who knows? You are never, ever, EVER going to get 100% of the people who read something to go on the internet and write you a review.
Think about published authors. Do you know how many copies Stephen King sells of a novel? How many fan letters and emails do you think he gets? Maybe 2% of the people who read his books try to reach out to him and say “hey, I loved it.” What you don’t hear, and what you will NEVER hear, are the people who talk about it to their friends. The people who close the book and laugh or cry or have unsettling nightmares. The people who think about it. The people who are inspired to write their own novel. He will never know about that, and you know how many books he sells, as a published author. Now scale that down to your fanfiction. You just wiped out all of your hard work. Now you never will know or even give people an OPPORTUNITY to react those same ways.
You said that readers should learn a lesson and that lack of feedback will make anyone give up. No it won’t. If you truly want to be a writer, you’ll keep doing what you do because you can’t fucking rest until you do it. I know it’s hard, god DAMN do I ever know it’s hard. Those six years of silence were painful in the worst way. But when you do get better — and you WILL get better — and you find your place and those messages start coming in, you’ll know all that work was worth it. Again: YOU ARE NEVER GOING TO GET THE FEEDBACK YOU WANT. But you will feel, one day, if you keep at it, that you got what you wanted.
Ask yourself this. Do you really want to be a writer? Why? So people will say nice things about you? So you’ll see your name in lights someday? So you’ll get rich? If you answered “yes” to any of those questions, do the world a favor and stop now. Every writer I have ever known, including myself, writes because writing is beautiful. Writing gives me a feeling of crafting magic from my hands and my mind. It makes me feel whole and complete. If you don’t want to write because you enjoy writing, seriously, stop it. Stop blaming the fandom for your weaknesses and go find something else to do.
This is the harshest thing I will say to you: stop feeling sorry for yourself. It doesn’t look good on you. You can do whatever you want, but if you really love writing, you’ll be back. You’ll get better. But don’t ever, EVER, FUCKING EVER determine your self-worth based on what other people say or don’t say about you. DON’T FUCKING DO IT. If writing makes you happy, keep fucking doing it. If it doesn’t, flounce away like you just did insulting an entire fandom in one fell swoop. Some of the people you just ranted at may have been waiting a few hours to sum up their thoughts to give you feedback. Now they’ll never have the opportunity.
I’m going to say this one more time. Do not ever, for any reason, base your self-worth on other people. Do you think you’re a good writer? Deep down in your heart, does what you do make you smile or laugh or cry and make you feel like dusting off your hands at the end of the day and say “I’m proud of that?” Because if it doesn’t, stop writing right now. But if you like what you’re doing, stop feeling sorry for yourself and ranting at the fucking Tales fandom and DON’T STOP WRITING.
“The three shall spread their blackend wings and be the vengeful striking hammer of God” is the final line to The Duke’s prayer. Other than the fact that all three of the Saints wear black coats and turtle necks there is another relation to the story. When Connor jumps off the top of his building the robe he is wearing looks something like wings. The white robes that each of the brothers are wearing when they go into the police station becomes the black shirts that Rocco delivers. Their ‘wings’ become ‘blackened.’”—Boondock symbolism (symbology ;D) explained on angelfire (via veritaaas)